India is a country of nearly 6.3 billion people.
Its population has nearly doubled over the last 20 years, but the country is not a nation of great economic power.
The economy is the fifth largest in the world, but its share of GDP is still just 5 per cent.
It has been ruled by an autocratic monarchy for more than 200 years, and the military is deeply rooted in the country.
The country is also home to more than 3,000 armed forces.
The current Prime Minister, Narendra Modi, is a politician with a record of success in the nation’s political system.
He has led India to the top of the world rankings for the number of people living on a budget.
He also enjoys popularity in his home state of Gujarat, where a number of key policies have become popular with the state’s middle class.